Candidates for legislative initiatives considered to be one cause of the rise of money politics in the 2014 General Election . Reason , legislative candidates was the most interested in getting the votes to win the election .
The opinion was delivered by Professor of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Airlangga Ramlan Surbakti , when contacted on Tuesday ( 15/4 ) .
" The first initiative ( for money politics ) is due to the interest of the candidates selected , right , candidates , " he said .
Candidates undertake a variety of ways , including the politics of money , to get more votes than any other candidate in a political party . Therefore , the proportional electoral system with open lists , candidates can get a seat if the sound is achieved much more than the other candidates from the same political party .
The condition is also an opportunity for voters to vote for the candidates sell . The proof , not a few people who openly asked for money to candidates . In fact , patently waiting for ” dawn raid ” of the candidates .
According to Ramlan , candidates will not dare handing out money if there is resistance from the community . ” So , does this happen because of money politics is no transaction , offering candidates and the people also ask , ” he said .
On the other hand , salaries of election officials from Group Organizers Voting ( KPPS ) , Voting Committee ( PPS ) , to the District Election Committee ( PPK ) has not changed . Low salaries were allegedly also opens the opportunity do the diversion of election officials , such as manipulating sound . The candidates can offer great rewards to the officer candidates with sound inflated compensation .
Similar delivered Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Gadjah Mada University , Yogyakarta , Ari AAGN Dwipayana .
According to him , the rise of money politics in elections triggered by the proportional electoral system is open . In the system , the candidate with the most votes is entitled terbanyaklah to parliament . It makes the competition very tight antarcaleg , including internal competition within the party .
" Systems ’ free fighting ’ that candidates tend to do everything to be able to vote, " said Ari .
To minimize this, Ari proposed , the role of candidates in the campaign reduced . The campaign should be coordinated by a political party that antarcaleg unfair competition can be reduced .
There is no sanction
Meanwhile , the Chairman of the party winning elections Nasdem Ferry Mursyidan Baldan actually considers indecision election management practices as the cause of the rise of money politics . So far, there is no strict punishment given election management to the parties that money politics .
" Should the organizers , both the Commission and the Election Supervisory Body , to act decisively against the findings in the field of money politics , " he said .
The candidates found guilty of money politics during the campaign should be sanctioned cancellation of candidature . Similarly, for the selected candidates who are convicted of money politics .
Yesterday , Election Supervisory Board of Yogyakarta also investigating allegations of money politics associated with Rp 510 million secured Police South Mountain , a few days ago . The money was secured from a car that also contains rookie campaign props lawmakers from any party .
" We are still processing the alleged crime of election -related findings , " said a member of Bawaslu DIY , Sri Rahayu Werdiningsih .
Sri Rahayu said it had to call seven witnesses related the incident . They are three people in the car that contained money , a person claiming to be the owner of the money , as well as the three candidates .
People have no choice
Mejing Hamlet , Village Ambarketawang , District Limestone , Sleman , Yogyakarta , although local people have installed the banners that essentially refused to take the money , the candidates still seek to money politics .
" We still missed , " said Chief Hamlet Mejing YB Rahmat Eko Suprapto .
According to Rahmat , the night before it happened pileg money politics . Most people did not dare refuse him finally offered money .
"Well how else , urging economic necessity is indeed the case , " said Ret , of Kampung Parung Benying , Sarua , Chester , South Tangerang .
Telling a number of people there , a number of candidates Parliament , through a successful team or utilize sub-district staff , conduct ” dawn raids ” . In fact , the night before the election , a lot of successful teams that have left the envelope containing the money . The amount varies from Rp 15,000 to Rp 30,000 . Not counting the amount of funds disbursed to community leaders .
" Yes , his name was given money , we reject cook , " said a mother who earn Rp 15,000 from the candidate ‘s campaign team Parliament .
Few residents who claimed to have three to four envelopes containing money ” dawn raid ” . Every successful team visited , the people were always pretend not have a choice when approached timses .
Mode also appealed to the people who use the roads needed to build the facilities residents , such as road paving .
" We are , anyway , have fun alone . It instantly made real sacrifices candidates , not promises . However , a matter of choice in the election , yes , submitted to the conscience of citizens, " said Budi , a resident of Pamulang Two .
Residents Cirebon , West Java , is also generally regarded as the candidate who has a lot of money . Therefore , people tend to use that moment to submit a proposal or request money directly .
It was recognized Radi ( 33 ) , a resident of Village Sunyaragi , District Kesambi , Cirebon . ” There are eight candidates who come to my hometown . They come up with reasons of friendship . There are also people who came to the house one by one . Of those I asked for an envelope . Therefore , they had dared nyalon , so it must have money , ” said the man of three children who daily pedaling the rickshaw .
According to Radi , from the first , each time the general election had also distributed the money . Among the common residence even TIN expression , short for ” Nomere Pira , Wani Pira ” ( what number , how dare pay ) .
Candidates need to educate
Senior Research Pol - Tracking Mustasya Tata Institute emphasizes the importance of the candidates to really want to educate the public .
(see also: harga burung kenari )
Tata confirms , in Indonesian culture , a public official is always positioned above the common people . ” On the one hand , public officials will be honored , but on the other hand have to give up something , ” he said .
Candidates have to educate the public . ” The process that had to be traversed to reach a mature democracy , ” he said .